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Abstract Art

Abstract Art


Abstract art combines a beautiful visual language of form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a definite degree of independence from visual references seen in the world today and in the past. Western art was typically underpinned by the logic of perspective during and after the Renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century. Abstract Artists of the day attempted to reproduce an illusion of visible reality.

Arts from many other cultures other European were accessible and showed many alternative ways of describing visual experience to the artist. Artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would encompass the fundamental changes taking place within the worlds of technology, science and philosophy. Most of this occurring around the end of the 19th century.

Social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture during these times reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture. The sources from which individual artists drew their theoretical arguments were very diverse.

These terms are loosely related terms, nonrepresentational art, Abstract art and nonobjective art. The concept of abstraction points to a departure from reality in the presentation of imagery in art.

This departure can be only slight, or it can be partial, or it can be complete from the actual representation in accuracy. Even art that aims for the highest degree a similarity can be said to be abstract, at least theoretically, since perfect representation is likely to be a continuum of the elusive.

Total abstraction for the most part is anything but recognizable. Artwork which takes very small and subtle liberties, altering for instance color and form in ways that are conspicuous, is partially abstract. An example geometric abstraction one would not seem to find references to any naturalistic entities. Figurative or representational art and complete abstraction are 99.9 percent mutually exclusive. Figurative and representational (or realistic) art do sometimes contain partial abstraction.

Abstract Art

Abstract Art

Purchasing Modern Abstract Wall Art online may, initially, seem like an easy task.  Indeed, the actual ordering process is very easy.  What is not so simple, is making a choice!  There is a huge selection of Modern Abstract Wall Art available, and there are many considerations to be made before making your final choice.  For example, you should consider the color scheme and style of the room you wish to hang the Oil Painting, or print, in. It is vital to select a Canvas that compliments your existing décor, as well as your own personal taste.  You may find that you enjoy a certain Canvas, yet it may not be appropriate, either because of color or style, for the room you wish to hang it in.

Modern Abstract Wall Art is ideal for modern homes, and is highly diverse.  It would be difficult not to find a Canvas, which is not capable of beautifying the room, and reflect something of your own character and lifestyle.  Abstract Art is highly personal, due to the fact it is representational of the emotional and spiritual responses, we have to the world around us.  Many collectors find that a certain style of Abstract Art, or Artist, greatly appeals to them.  This is because they relate to the world in a similar way to that particular Artist.  The style they enjoy being capable of reflecting both their own aesthetic preferences, as well as their emotional responses.  Because, in a modern world, we are free to express our diversity, Modern Abstract Wall Art has become highly popular. Through Abstract Art, individuals can depict more than the physical world around them.  They are able to express how they feel about that world, and where better than to do this, than in you own home?

Expressing and recording what we see, in some shape or form, is instinctive to us.  Even during prehistoric times, people would decorate their ‘homes’ with Art.  Cave walls would be used to visually record the natural world around them, and their experiences within that world.  The ‘Art’ was simple, conceptually.  However, the instinct to surround ourselves with it was not so different then, in comparison to now.  Throughout history, Art has always played a huge role in our lives, recording every milestone since civilization began.  Today, many people revel in ability to purchase a wide collection of diverse Modern Art.  That is the greatest development within Modern Art, the absolute freedom to express ourselves as individuals, through a varied choice of medium. Among all the great developments, there is little, which achieves this more profoundly, than Modern Abstract Wall Art.

Traditional Art is no less valuable to society, simply because we have diversified upon it.  To enjoy Modern Abstract Wall Art, does not mean we dismiss the value of traditional Artworks. The beauty, sensitivity, and craftsmanship of the great masters will always have its appeal and respect among collectors.  Abstract Art reflects our introduction to a different level of consciousness.  To dismiss what we were before, is to confuse what we are now.  We cannot gauge where we stand today, if we dismiss the road we already traveled. To do this, is to dismiss our experiences, and in doing that, we actually remove one of the most important concepts within Contemporary Abstract Art. That is, a spiritual and emotional awareness of who we are, where we stand, and the way we respond to the physical world around us.  After all, everyone has their role to play in history.

Abstract Art is, because of this, is a highly evolved Art form.  It focuses on our emotions, the unconscious thoughts and feeling we experience as human beings, living in a modern world.  By understanding Abstract Art, we can gain a deeper understanding of ourselves.  When choosing Modern Abstract Wall Art, it is important to rely on your instincts.  If it appeals to you aesthetically, if it moves something emotionally within you, and creates a response, it should be considered.  After this, there are the practical considerations, with regards to color and size.  Modern society is a diverse one, and Abstract Art reflects that.  In your own home, you have the freedom to choose what appeals to you, and the individual you are.  There is no better way to accomplish that, than through the medium of Modern Abstract Wall Art.

Tips to Painting Abstract Art Paintings

Tips to Painting Abstract Art Paintings

The beauty of abstract art is that it remains free within its genre. I believe there is no right or wrong way to make an abstract art painting. The values of form, line, contrast, colour, position and tone are fundamental. However it is vital that the artist feels free to experiment and explore with paint. If you approach this style of painting with the following tips, you are on your way to producing an abstract art painting which you will enjoy making as much as you enjoy its value.

As a contemporary artist, I choose to make my art with complete freedom and I can share this with you. My work is encouraged to emerge and unfold, rather than being part of a preconceived notion. I adhere to the principles of form, line, contrast, colour, position and tone. However, often the best of my work is discovered through exploration and by accident or chance. I need to be open to all possibilities and prepared to experiment in order to create successful abstract art paintings. To me, this is the secret of painting abstract art and I explain this in the following 6 tips.

6 Tips to Painting Abstract Art Paintings

Art Paintings Tip #1

Be free.
Set aside all daily duties and routine actions and thoughts. The dishes can be done later and in fact much faster once you have expressed yourself – you will be surprised. Make sure there are plenty of drop cloths on the floor in order to create as freely as possible. It is vital to have complete freedom to express yourself without being limited by making a mess. Wear some old clothes and remember what it felt like as a child to have fun making abstract art paintings at kindergarten.

Art Paintings Tip #2

Centre yourself.
Free yourself from thoughts of bills, household chores, work and family responsibilities. There is plenty of time to worry about these things later. Sit for several minutes and contemplate what gives you joy, pains you at the moment, or the uppermost feeling in your self. Get ready to express this. Choose some music which lifts your spirit and supports you painting an abstract painting with wild abandon.

Art Paintings Tip #3

Do not expect anything from the art.
Let go of all expectations. This is the hardest of all. All our lives we want to paint a good apple or draw a perfect orange. Forget it and forget that grade 5 teacher that told you- you couldn’t draw. Just enjoy the moment and see what comes. Don’t be concerned by the pristine white canvas. If you feel the need to cover that white as fast as possible, in order to get that fear out of the way, then go for it. You could start your abstract art painting by applying any single colour to the canvas to cover it completely. Then start choosing colours just for fun or go with your gut feeling.

Art Paintings Tip #4

Put more paint on your brush or use your hands!
Don’t worry about making a mess getting paint on your face, on the floor, or on clothes. Don’t worry about making a mistake, I believe there are no mistakes in art, only discoveries and challenges to be solved. You do not have to let the first layer of paint dry before you apply more. Wet on wet is a great way to make a fabulous abstract art painting. Use whatever tools are available to make your marks, maybe there is an old toothbrush lying around the house, try it out. Try wiping back into the freshly applied paint. Don’t be scared of the medium. Let go and enjoy. Paint with wild abandon and see what happens. Do not hold back.

Art Paintings Tip #5

Stop! and stand right back.
What do you see? Look beyond the marks and the things you are not happy with. Really look at it, for quite a while. Walk away, have a cup of tea and come back later and look at it. What do you suddenly see? For this is what abstract art painting is all about.

Art Paintings Tip #6

Recognize what you have painted.
Take the time to recognize what you have painted. Do you see shapes that could be drawn out more? Do you see colours and marks that work really well against one another? Ask your friends and family which parts of your abstract art painting they like. Take your time to see what you have painted, it becomes clearer over time.

Congratulations! You have just started an abstract art painting. You may well have completed one. This is the next secret… It takes time to know the difference.

There are many issues which make an abstract art paintings really work. They include balance in the artwork, or lack thereof, the tone, placement, composition, use of materials and use of colour. The more you abandon yourself to the process the more it will inform you. Good luck and have fun!

Some General Information About Original Abstract

Some General Information About Original Abstract

Have you ever come across any original abstract art before? There are many forms of art, ranging from traditional oil painting to abstract art.

So, what is the meaning of abstract art? Abstract art can be called as a creative means of expressing the painter’s view of the world and its objects. Contrary to traditional form of art, this art focuses on imagination or ideas, which are expressed on canvas by the artist.

Sometimes, an artist transforms a thought into physical forms, which are painted on a canvas as abstract art. The art should portray the ability to connect and stimulate other people in certain ways. Only then, it achieves its true purpose. By using simple or complicated colors, shapes and forms, it is possible for an artist to create an art for his intended purpose.

In order to create original art pieces, it is not necessary for you to undergo any special formal training in art. Basic skills pertaining to drawing and painting should suffice. Some amount of discipline would come in handy as well. You can pick from various medium like watercolors, inks or even oils to create abstract art.

Many people like to use watercolors for abstract art. With lots of people facing all sorts of problems in today’s hectic world, abstract art might be a good means of venting one’s pent-up emotions and expressing oneself effectively on canvas instead of using words. By studying the art piece, one might be able to determine the feelings and ideas of the artist. So, if you want some form of outlet, try your hand at this form of art which is abstract.

You can adopt painting as your hobby. This would give you a more balanced way of leading your life. You can create your own original piece of art which is abstract, frame it and hang it anywhere in your home. As with other forms of painting, there are four main aspects to abstract form of art painting. Sketching or drawing, color theory, perspective, drawing materials and techniques play key roles.

However, in the case of abstract form of art, the focus is not that much on expertise or techniques used by the artist. The focus is more on perspective of the artist in relation to the world. His or her very feelings with some basic skills in drawing and painting should be sufficient to produce a good form of abstract art. Colors play a vital role in any form of painting to give the right impression.

In relation to this, the drawing materials like paint brushes and medium which are used count greatly. There are various sizes of paint brushes to give different types of effects. Round brushes are normally pointed brushes that can be used for detailed work. For application of broad swaths of colors, normally flat brushes are used.

Abstract Art Is Complex To Explain

Abstract Art Is Complex To Explain

Abstract art will delight some and mystify others; therefore, it is necessary to define it, so that the viewer may decide for himself what is real and true. Abstract art springs from many sources, from the roots of Art Nouveau with its curlicues and swirls of industrial designer-type art and Cubism, that jagged sense of geometry imposing its will upon the natural world so that few can understand it, though many would discern in the angular line of a cityscape, for instance. But abstract art?

From its beginnings in the breakaway schools of Impressionism and Picasso’s beginnings at the turn of the 20th century, abstract art departs from reality. This is strange for artists coming from a traditional school, with its emphasis on being true to reality and using the tools of the lines of perspective and the color wheel. Abstract art uses form and line and color to depict a subject abstractly, that is, its basis and not the uttermost detail of the artist’s view. Now and again the term ‘abstract’ arises in modern day usage and indeed many are the painters of today who call themselves ‘abstract artists.

An abstract artist may use digital art via the computer or other methods that do not use canvases and paint, but the enduring lure of a canvas is that it is solid and real, a thing to hold, take down from the wall and over to the window to see what sunlight does to its colors before returning it to the safety of the hanging place. If you should commission an abstract to do a ‘lyrical abstract’ piece, he or she would hark back to the origin of the term stemming from Aldrich’s first use of in circa 1969. Characterized by loose paint handling and intuitive, spontaneous expression, lyrical abstraction used newer technological techniques and led the way away from geometrical art such as that executed by Mondrian.

Acrylic paints are the most common media, however, and the roots mentioned above, that of Art Nouveau, may be seen in the pastel and sepia color schemes and swirls of embellishments in a typical lyrical abstract piece. Post World War II, France searched for a new direction in her artistic wave and used lyrical abstraction, possibly as a gentler, kinder sort of expression far from the jagged edges of geometrical and cubism schools of art. It would be natural for a country to yearn for softer curves after the harshness of a World War.

So we see that abstract art offers a range of techniques and results: the dropped paint techniques of Jackson Pollock, the computerized digital art of so many on the Internet and the geometrical exactitude of a Mondrian all bear the common name, ‘abstract.’ Many times there is a range within one single painting, a part of the piece seeming almost photorealistic and the rest of the painting delving into the abstract world, giving a mutable effect to one canvas. From these many choices, surely you can discover a style to your taste and enjoy the work of an artist who releases his inner vision upon the world. You will expand your own mind as you do so, and the term ‘abstract art’ will no longer remain a mystery.

Interpreting the Meaning Behind the Strokes of a Floral Abstract Art

Interpreting the Meaning Behind the Strokes of a Floral Abstract Art

If you have gone to an art gallery, you will find out most of the work of arts catching at a glimpse and in a moment, you can appreciate the connotation that the artists desired his/her audience to unravel. Until you came to a piece of art with floral strokes, you will stay in front of it as you tried to put the puzzle of the painting together. This is the time that you would understand, not all paintings have their sense voluntarily presented for the inspector. Some have its meaning embedded deeply into the lines – into the strokes of what seems to be a meaningless junk; there is a soul of an artist!

Abstract art uses a visual language of form, color, and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world. One may not really value an abstract art because of the vagueness of its meaning but in my own point of view, people who love abstract are more gifted than people who desire for concrete drawings. It’s because, abstract art stimulates our imagination the more – pushing us to think and create meaning of the strokes behind the floral abstract of serenity and sense.

The connection that is most often linked with abstraction is that it is complicated. Abstract thought, such as one that is used in mathematics and philosophy, does not come naturally to most of us. It embodies a greater level of difficulty than concrete thought does. So it is no wonder that abstract art is difficult for most people. In particular, the process of abstracting out the message of the image is not that easy, unless you have painted an abstract out of concrete scene yourself.

One tip I can give you in getting the understanding out of an abstract art is you should first have interest with the work. I have heard one painter said, “The most pathetic error of an art critic is not that he is wrong or that he fails to understand, but that he understands a work of art for which he has no true feeling. From this quotation, I do consider that accurate admiration of an abstract art comes with true emotions for it. It’s not an issue if you have a different explanation of the art piece from others because individuals do have unusual kinds of viewpoints that they make use to picture out things.

Second, is that you take note of every detail of the artistry. You just don’t disregard a line because it seems worthless or non-sense. Always remember that the more you include each detail, the more the details create a picture out of it that will reveal the true meaning of the floral painting.

Third, you must know what the artist is thinking or is feeling while he/she is grabbing the canvas. Abstract art is more personal than figurative art. What is meaningful for the artist can be a piece of scrap for the viewer. It signifies something to the performer who figured the work of art because the illustration pleads to them in some way, but the viewer does not have this personal connection to the work. The viewer comes in “cold” and lacks any grip to grasp. To have a brilliant optimistic reception of the artwork, the observer needs to have some thought of what the performer was trying to do.

Fourth thing that you must do is that you put the pieces of your art exploration together and synthesize a new picture in your mind. The significance between the strokes, the mind-set of the painter, the details, and your feelings for the art will all help you out grasp the wisdom out of the edged floral abstract hanged up in an art gallery or museum.

So the subsequent time you go out and notice an intangible painting, don’t just have a nippy gaze at it. Have an intent look and use the four tips about abstraction that I shared to you in this passage.

Get More Tips For Abstract Art

Get More Tips For Abstract Art

From the time of the first handprints on the caves of Lascaux to the latest blend of art and music and movement that exists on the Internet, people have exerted all their considerable intellect on the creation of art. Sharing art with those near and far is easier now than ever before, with lifetime Internet tours of the Louvre down to the most recent local art festival. Everyone makes art, to some degree one of which is the abstract art on canvas.

The styles of clothing that we wear present ourselves to the world in a form of art. Narrowing our focus to the representational art of the Western world, we learn of perspective, proportion and the dynamics of the color wheel.

Art made in these parameters attempts to recreate part of the natural world and perhaps reached its peak in the middle of the 19th century, with the grand landscapes and seascapes of Winslow Homer. In a turning of the tide of the world of art, Impressionism from France focused on light and its primal nature that breaks up to a prism all the wonderful scenes that we perceive with our eyes. This movement represented a divorce from strictly representational art, as dibs and dabs of light-colored paint, liberally and artfully applied to the canvas, came to depict wholly recognizable scenes when viewed from a greater distance than heretofore. Art, as it were, seemed to be breaking up into a more subjective experience by 1900. We shall see how abstract art on canvas is actually the culmination of centuries of artistic expression.

With the greater relevance of technology to modern society, begun by the Industrial Revolution and spurred on by the turn of the 20th century, a new sort of art emerged, built on the shoulders of the past naturalistic artistic geniuses, yet looking forward to an ever-changing future. Abstract art abounded in the Eastern philosophies of the Islamic world, forbidden to represent the human form and so flowering in abstract patterns of calligraphy and flower motifs. From the Far East came the notion of the mandala, a concentric diagram relating in abstract form the search for enlightenment, a tool to be used, as all art may be said to be used, to delve into our common consciousness and enjoy the truest essence of art. From these far-flung areas of the world, disseminated through the greater communication methods of the mid-19th and 20th centuries, abstract art on canvas made its way into the Western panorama of artistic expression.

By 1910, African art, Eastern art and Islamic art styles influenced such abstract painters as Picasso, who could enjoy the beauty of Islamic calligraphy and African totems without being able to understand their underlying meanings. Abstraction is expressed through a continuum. All art may be said to be abstract, as a matter of fact, as the art produced is not the thing viewed itself, yet to our modern way of thinking, when we hear the words “abstract art”, we think of a splash of riotous color, a cubist representation of a farmhouse, or a geometric grid that exists only as a crystal fractal pattern. The most traditional subjects in art, such as Michelanglo’s statue of David, have elements of abstraction, in that the figure’s hands are deliberately enlarged to generate a certain effect. Few homes, however, have the wherewithal to house such a monumental piece.

Abstract art on canvas offers the modern collector the most attainable form of creating an abstract art collection. Using the modern, long-lasting medium of acrylic paint, each painting stands as the way to portray your home as a place of refinement.

Abstract Art Defined

Abstract Art Defined

Abstract art is a genre of artwork from the 20th century. Correct to its title, this sort of fine art is extremely unusual and tough to interpret. It generally displays the partnership involving forms and colours. This sort of art work may or may possibly not be really attractive to the eyes, as the objects in abstract paintings are not quite clear but every piece of abstract artwork is deemed to have deep meanings and are said to portray the inner ideas of artists like any other pieces of fine art. Calligraphy is also regarded as a form of abstract fine art. There are different abstract fine art galleries found all over the world that exhibit all types of summary art work including paintings, sculptures and many more. Some of these galleries also showcase combined media work, which spotlight artwork with a 3D effect.

Abstract fine-art is also identified as non-figurative art that normally consists of a great deal of hues, lines, textures and forms. Abstract artwork has numerous elements such as still life, panorama, urban landscape and so on, which are showcased very well in the exhibitions held at the abstract art galleries. There are three principal kinds of abstract art work primarily cubism, neoplastic-ism and abstract expressionism. Manhattan is really very much influenced by the third form of abstract art work, that is abstract expressionism and has a quantity of abstract fine art galleries displaying this unique abstract fine art kind. There are a variety of artists in New York who apply abstract expressionism but they use this form in various fascinating techniques. For instance, certain artists project a landscape sensibility in their abstract work, while the others make use of denser structures and bolder colours that usually make the paintings bizarre and complex. Some of the artists also make use of calligraphic gestures in their art work, while the other people use stencil and brushwork to add layers to their summary works.

Abstract Art Galleries

Abstract Art Galleries

An abstract art gallery or museum usually hosts art exhibitions and is also used as a location for the sale of art. Some of the abstract art form represented in such museums includes fauvism, cubism, surrealism and abstract expressionism.

Some famous abstract art galleries in the world are Centre Pompidou, located in Paris, Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, and the Pecci Museum of Contemporary Art and Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Italy. England hosts some famous abstract art museums like Annely Juda, Estorick Collection, Modern Art Oxford, Serpentine Gallery, Tate Modern, Tate Britain, Tate St Ives, Tate Liverpool and Pier Art Gallery. The United States also boosts two popular art galleries, the Museum of Modern Art and Whitney Museum.

Centre Georges Pompidou, commonly known as Pompidou Centre, houses around 50,000 art works including paintings, sculptures, drawings and photographs. On the other hand, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection is a small museum on the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy, which primarily contains the personal art collection of Peggy Guggenheim. However, the museum also displays collections of other prominent American modernists and Italian futurists, and includes work based on themes of cubism, surrealism and abstract expressionism. The museum has gained prominence in Italy for its collection of European and American art of the first half of the 20th century.

England houses some well-known art galleries. Modern Art Oxford and the Tate Gallery have some amazing abstract art collections. Modern Art Oxford was established in 1969 by a small group of Oxford dons and hosts works of renowned artists like Tracey Emin. Tate Gallery encompasses Tate Britain, Tate Liverpool, Tate St. Ives and Tate Modern, and houses some of the best abstract art in the world.

In the US, the Museum of Modern Art and Whitney Museum exhibit some famous work of abstract artists. The Museum of Modern Art houses some best modern masterpieces in the world, like Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon by Pablo Picasso, The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dalí, and Broadway Boogie Woogie by Piet Mondrian, among others. It also displays works by leading American artists like Jackson Pollock, Jasper Johns, and Edward Hopper. On the other hand, the Whitney Museum displays contemporary American art by some lesser-known artists.

Abstract art galleries provide a unique opportunity for art lovers to study and admire the works of their favorite artists, and with modern technology, most of these art works are also accessible to art patrons through virtual art museums.

Geometric Abstract Art

Geometric Abstract Art

In our often chaotic world, geometric abstract art creates a sense of balance and structure. To the casual observer, however, it can sometimes seem too intellectual and detached from the natural world. It is often judged to be lacking in emotion, whereas the grand gestures of the abstract expressionist painters convince viewers more easily of their passion for life. However, to dismiss it in this way is to do it a great disservice and we need only to consider the motivation behind the work of some of the great geometric abstract artists to find proof of this.

Kasimir Malevich and Piet Mondrian are two of the earliest geometric abstract artists and both embraced the use of order and geometry in their paintings to convey emotion in its purest form. The boundaries they created in their abstract geometric paintings celebrate spiritual aspects of the human experience and go far beyond the world of our immediate understanding.

For Malevich, geometric abstraction was the perfect way to strip back the clutter of life and to get to the heart of what really mattered: the communication of pure artistic feeling. This ‘supremacy’ of feeling was fundamental to his work. (Malevich and his followers were known as Suprematists). He chose to use a simple black square against a white background to convey this. The black square expressed the feeling and the white surrounding it expressed the void beyond.

For Mondrian, a pattern of strong black lines encasing blocks of primary colour on a white background was the perfect visual language to convey his belief in a world beyond our reality. Theo van Doesburg, a co-founder with Mondrian and others of the De Stijl movement, was equally inspired by this abstraction of reality and use of geometric shapes and patterns.

Wassily Kandinsky, credited with producing the first abstract painting, using only shapes and form to express his visceral responses to music and colour, also embraced geometric abstract art, particularly during his period as a teacher at the Bauhaus.

These artists had none of the visual images of the geometry in nature so widely available now yet they had an innate understanding of the way in which geometric shapes and patterns were so fundamental to the structure of the world. Geometric abstract art was the equivalent of a universal visual and artistic language.

They demonstrated that triangles, squares, circles and straight lines carefully placed and repeated with precision can take us beyond the boundaries of our perceived reality. Their work offers the viewer an unexpected level of emotional engagement that is both moving and hypnotic.

A new generation of abstract geometric artists emerged in the 1950s and set out to dispense with the overspill of emotion they perceived in the work of the abstract expressionists of the time. Artists such as Kenneth Noland, Frank Stella and Al Held turned to geometric abstraction as a means of making their art less subjective. Colour is central to their work, as is their use of hard edges and the elimination of all signs of brushwork. Their paintings echo the purity of feeling that Kasimir Malevich sought to convey. There is simplicity and beauty in this approach and few artists demonstrate this better than Ellsworth Kelly whose large geometric shapes in vivid primary colours create a powerfully engaging visual experience.

The best geometric abstract art assures us that all is well with the world and reflects back to us something we innately understand: that our world is not the chaotic, disorganised place it sometimes seems but rather an exquisitely designed, well-ordered and balanced environment we can only marvel at.